Solemnity of Christ the King (C)

November 20, 2022


Please be patient
as page loads

Please be patient
as page loads

Please be patient
as page loads

Please be patient
as page loads

Mass Readings Explained

Hearers of the Word

Integral Faith

Agape Bible


courtesy of Larry Broding


Luke 23:41

 “(same way)” is literally “(same) worth.” The “good thief” insisted he and the other criminal had received the same way they had taken. In other words, they were dying in shame because they lived shameful lives.

Luke 23:42

“Jesus, remember me (kindly) when you come into your reign.” The “good thief” was asking for mercy in the Final Judgment. He acknowledged Jesus as the Messiah and his function as Daniel’s “Son of Man” who would come on the clouds as a judge.

Luke 23:43

“Today you will be with me in paradise.” In the context of the conversation, Jesus was not referring to “today” as an immediate vision of paradise (i.e., heaven). He was speaking of an “eschatological” day (in the same sense God created the cosmos in seven days), the day of judgment. The day of crucifixion was the day of judgment, for the cross was the revelation of Jesus’ reign. Those who believed would be saved on the day of crucifixion. In this sense, the “good thief” did not have to wait until Jesus came in glory. He was in his glory. And the thief was saved at that moment.
Used with Permission
YouTube player

Christ the King (Year C)


Jesus Christ: King Over All Nations


Christ the King (Year C)


Jesus said: Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise

The account of Jesus’ death in all four Gospels is fundamentally the same and yet different according to the understanding being promoted by each writer. (The last words of Jesus in each Gospel would illustrate this variety.) In the third Gospel, the death of Jesus is portrayed as that of a prophet-martyr, consistent with the presentation of the figure of Jesus throughout the Gospel and the Acts. The story of the Good Thief is unique to Luke and offers a great insight into his theology of the cross. This is highly paradoxical kingship, of course. God now rules through the vulnerability of Jesus. Vv. 32-34 are included for context.


SOURCE: Dr. Kieran J. O’Mahony, OSA

Christ the King (Year C)


The bishops of Brazil have pointed out that nature as a whole not only manifests God but is also a locus of his presence. The Spirit of life dwells in every living creature and calls us to enter into relationship with him. Discovering this presence leads us to cultivate the “ecological virtues.” (88)

The New Testament does not only tell us of the earthly Jesus and his tangible and loving relationship with the world. It also shows him risen and glorious, present throughout creation in his universal Lordship: “For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell, and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, making peace by the blood of his cross.” …The very flowers of the field and the birds which his human eyes contemplated and admired are now imbued with his radiant presence. (100)

Modernity has been marked by an excessive anthropocentrism which today, under another guise, continues to stand in the way of shared understanding and of any effort to strengthen social bonds. . . . Our “dominion” over the universe should be understood more properly in the sense of responsible stewardship. (116)

Homily help highlighting care for our common home.


Institution of the Feast in 1925


Be conscious and repent of the harm we have brought to our common home

SOURCE: Catholic Climate Covenant and the Association of U.S. Catholic Priests

Christ the King (Year C)


Jesus Christ: Promised Davidic King

The Church always celebrates the Solemnity of Christ the King on the last Sunday before the beginning of the season of Advent.  Today we end the Church’s liturgical year by reflecting on the sacrifice of the promised Davidic Messiah, on the promised return of the Christ the King at the end of the age, and by celebrating His universal kingship.


The Shepherd-King of Israel

In the First Reading, we remember the kingship of Jesus’ ancestor, David son of Jesse, the shepherd boy God told the prophet Samuel to anoint to one day become the shepherd His people Israel (1 Sam 16:1, 12-13).  It was with David that God made an eternal covenant.  God promised David that his throne would endure forever (2 Sam 7:16; 29; 23:5; Sir 45:25; 47:11/13), and it would be from one of his descendants that the promised the Redeemer-Messiah was to come to redeem Israel and all mankind (Is 11:1-5, 10-12; Ez 34:23-25; Jer 23:5-76; Mt 1:1).  It was a promise fulfilled at the Incarnation in the angel Gabriel’s announcement to the Virgin Mary when he said: “Behold you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall name him Jesus.  He will be great and will be called Son of the Most High, and the Lord God will give him the throne of David his father, and he will rule over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end” (Lk 1:31-33).


The Royal Primacy of Christ

In our Second Reading, St. Paul defines Christ’s mission by giving a summary about redemption by the Father through the “beloved Son” who is God’s love revealed to humanity in human form.  Christians share in the inheritance won for us by Christ.  The imagery St. Paul uses recalls the Exodus liberation: we have been “delivered” and “transferred” and also Jesus’ theme of the “kingdom” and our “redemption” and “forgiveness of sins” through belief in Christ Jesus (see Acts 2:38; Rom 3:24-25; Eph 1:7).


The Crucifixion

St. Luke calls us to be witnesses to the crucifixion of the Savior in the Gospel Reading.  In telling the story of that climax in human history, St. Luke shows that Jesus was entirely in charge of His fate.  With His full consent, Jesus entrusted the unfolding events of His sacrificial death into the Father’s hands (Jn 10:17-18; Eph 5:2).  He understood that His enemies were sinning in ignorance, and He showed mercy to them by praying for them from the Cross

Through Christ our King, we receive a royal inheritance (Heb 9:15; 1 Pt 1:4).  We become heirs of Jesus Christ when we receive His anointing at our Baptism.  It is then that we become members of a royal family in Christ’s Kingdom of the Church, and, as a royal people, we share in our King’s crown.  Most earthly kings wear jewel-encrusted crowns and sit on golden thrones, but our King wears a crown of thorns, and His throne is the wood of the Cross.  We are called to share in His Kingdom of justice, self-sacrifice, peace, and freedom.  And the more we grow spiritually, the more we come to recognize the face of our royal ruler in the faces of the impoverished, the hungry, and the oppressed.  It is because of the promise of our royal inheritance that we can sing as the redeemed people of God in today’s psalm: “Let us go rejoicing to the house of the Lord.”


Luke 23:34a is the first of seven statements Jesus made from the altar of the Cross, two of which are quotations from the Psalms of David.

Jesus Last Seven Statements from the Cross
Statement Scripture
1. “Father, forgive them, they know not what they do.” Lk 23:34
2. “Amen, I say to you, today you will be with me in Paradise.” Lk 23:42
3. “Woman, behold, your son”… “Behold, your mother.” Jn 19:26-27
4. “Eli, Eli lema sabachthani,” “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” ~ Hebrew Mt 27:46 (*Ps 22:1a quoted
in Hebrew)
“Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani,” “My God, My God, why have you forsaken me?” ~ Aramaic* Mk 15:34 (Jesus quoted from Ps 22:1/2a in Aramaic)
5. “I thirst.” Jn 19:28
6. “It is fulfilled.”+ Jn 19:30
7. “Father, into your hands I commend my Spirit.”+ Lk 23:46 (Ps 31:5/6 quoted)
Michal E. Hunt © copyright 2012

*Jesus has alluded to Psalm 22 in Mt 27:35, 39 and 43.  Matthew records the Hebrew as it would have been written in the Hebrew scroll of Psalm 22, while Mark records Jesus’ actual Aramaic statement.  +It is hard to know which of these two statements are His last words from the Cross.

SOURCE: Agape Bible Study – Michal Elizabeth Hunt (Used with permission)

Please be patient
as page loads

Please be patient
as page loads

Please be patient
as page loads

Please be patient
as page loads

Please be patient
as page loads

Please be patient
as page loads

Please be patient
as page loads