30th Sunday in Ordinary Time C

October 23, 2022

INTRODUCTIONHOMILIESVIDEOSCOMMENTARYCHURCH FATHERSCATECHISMANECDOTESQUESTIONSCHILDREN SERMONSMUSIC

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SOURCE: Ascension Press / Jeff Cavins
AGAPE BIBLE STUDY - Michal E. Hunt
SUNDAY’S THEME

God Welcomes the Prayers of the Humble

FIRST READING

God Hears the Cry of the Suffering

In the First Reading, the inspired writer of the Book of Sirach (Ecclesiasticus) writes that God has no favorites, but He is especially open to the cries of the oppressed and the prayers of the lowly. Their humble prayers pierce the clouds to reach God, who responds with compassion, mercy, and justice (Sir 35:12-13, 17-18).

SECOND READING

St. Paul, the Image of the Humble Servant

St. Paul exemplifies God’s humble and just servant in the Second Reading. Imprisoned in Rome and facing martyrdom, he wrote to St. Timothy that his hope and trust were in the Lord. Paul is the humble servant God promises to justify and redeem in today’s Psalm: The LORD redeems the lives of his servants; no one incurs guilt who takes refuge in him (Ps 34:22).

GOSPEL

The Parable of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector

The Gospel reading reflects the message of today’s Psalm Reading in Jesus’s Parable of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector. Two men profess that they are God’s servants: one man is a Pharisee who sees himself as upright but does not demonstrate humility in his prayers. The other man is a tax collector who repents his sins, pleads for mercy, and lays his life before God in complete humility. Jesus tells the parable to contrast the prayers of humble and contrite sinners with those of the smug and self-righteous.

Sacred Scripture consistently teaches us that the humble sinner is justified in his confession of repentance and receives God’s mercy and forgiveness. St. Peter wrote, God opposes the proud but bestows favor on the humble … So humble yourselves under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time.  Cast all your worries upon him because he cares for you (1 Pt 5:6-7).

Context and Themes

FIRST READING
GOSPEL

Dr. Brant Pitre

Mass Readings Explained

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SOURCE: CATHOLIC PRODUCTIONS

Dr. Kieran J. O’Mahony, OSA

PORTABLE COMMENTARY

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SOURCE: HEARERS OF THE WORD

Dr. John Bersgma

Sunday Mass Readings for Year C

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