34th Sunday of Year B



Christ is my King and God

By Kevin Aldrich

Overview of
Doctrinal Homily

Catechism Themes

Kevin Aldrich

Written as an aid for homilists and a resource for the faithful, this doctrinal homily outline (1) provides insights into the Lectionary readings, (2) explicates a doctrine of Catholic Faith or morals from them, and (3) shows specific ways lay persons can live these truths.

Click on title to read everything from Kevin Aldrich.  What follows are only excerpts of Catechism themes you will find on his blog. 

First Reading

  • In a vision, Daniel saw the Messiah. He had the appearance of a Son of man…

Responsorial Psalm

  • The only proper king…
  • Ultimately, given the personal dignity of the human person…

Second Reading

  • Jesus Christ is the “faithful witness.”
  • He has risen from the dead…
  • He is the universal king…
  • We adore him because…
  • He has made us to be his kingdom…
  • The statement, he has made us “priests for his God and Father,” means …
  • At his second coming…
  • There is a note of hope in the prophecy…


  • Christ is truly a king, but his kingdom was not there. It did not belong to this world. Not yet.
  • The true meaning of Christ’s messianic kingship…


Christ as Lord and King

  • Jesus is Lord…
  • Jesus already reigns through the Church…


Reigning by serving

  • We are to reign over ourselves…
    • Our passions and emotions are good in themselves, God’s gifts to us through our bodies. But they are to be directed by our wills…
        • Are we kings over ourselves or are we enslaved…
  • “For the Christian, ‘to reign is to serve him,’ particularly when serving ‘the poor and the suffering…
  • Men have a duty to worship God …
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FRANCISCAN FRIARS (10:44) – Fr. Daniel J. Mahan, S.T.L., pastor of St. John the Apostle Catholic Church in Bloomington, Indiana, and St. Jude the Apostle in Spencer covers the entire Catechism in 111 videos, giving an outline of the content along with clear easy to follow explanations. The series is based on the 2nd Edition of the Catechism.

This Sunday’s Catechism Themes

“The following paragraphs from the Catechism of the Catholic Church resonate with the biblical readings for this Sunday. They were chosen either because they cite or allude to the specific readings, or because they treat topics found in the readings.”  —Homiletic Directory

CCC 440, 446-451, 668-672, 783, 786, 908, 2105, 2628: Christ as Lord and King
CCC 678-679, 1001, 1038-1041: Christ as Judge
CCC 2816-2821: “Thy Kingdom Come”

Featured Excerpts

Catechism of the Catholic Church. Order Hard Copy of the text in English and in Spanish. Excerpts courtesy of the Catechism search tool at Catholic Cross Reference,  a Catholic blog run by Jeff Pinyan.
Christ as Lord and King

CCC 440, 446-451, 668-672, 783, 786, 908, 2105, 2628


Christ as Judge

CCC 678-679, 1001, 1038-1041


Thy Kingdom Come

CCC 2816-2821


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Christ the King

BISHOP ROBERT BARRON (32:10) – In this episode of the “Word on Fire Show,” we focus on Christ the King. The first words out of Jesus’ mouth—and the central theme of his preaching—concerned the kingdom of God. In light of the recent Solemnity of Christ the King, I explore three dimensions of his unique kingship. A listener asks if God is love, and love is an act of the will, is God reducible to will?

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What is the Kingdom of God

Bishop Robert Barron (2:05)

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Christ the King

CHRIS STEFANICK (3:23) – Jesus is a King. That means that life and faith aren’t something we approach on our terms, but his. After all, he’s the King and we’re not. This is the solution to a relativist approach to faith that would make us “gods.” Chris Stefanick educates and inspires with this profound reflection on one aspect of who Jesus really is.

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Christ the King

3 MINUTE THEOLOGY (2:49) – How do you keep Christ as YOUR king?

RCL Benziger

To Judge the Living and the Dead

This phrase from the Nicene Creed expresses our Catholic belief that Christ who died and was raised up again to new life has been given the right as our Redeemer to judge the works and hearts of all (CCC 679). Christ has ascended to heaven and participates in God’s power and authority and we acknowledge him as Lord not only of the universe but of the unfolding of history itself (CCC 668). Indeed, in Christ all of human history is summed up and fulfilled and, as the Second Vatican Council affirmed, “he is the key, the center and the purpose of the whole of [our] history . . .” (GS 10).

We also believe that the kingdom over which the Lord gloriously reigns is present in a mysterious way on earth in the Church (CCC 669). And while evil–definitively defeated by the cross and resurrection–still resists this reign, the final fulfillment will be accomplished for we are in the last days before final judgment (CCC 671). Thus, the Second Vatican Council taught, “Already the final age of the world is with us (cf. 1 Corinthians 10:11) and the renewal of the world is irrevocably under way; it is even now anticipated in a certain real way, for the Church on earth is endowed already with a sanctity that is real though imperfect. However, until there be realized new heavens and a new earth in which justice dwells (cf. 2 Peter 3:13) the pilgrim Church, in its sacraments and institutions, which belong to this present age, carries the mark of this world which will pass, and she herself takes her place among the creatures which groan and travail yet and await the revelation of the [children] of God (cf. Romans 8:19-22)” (LG 48).

This revelation that we await is the judgment Christ the King will render. There are two judgments that occur, particular and final. Particular judgment refers to the judging of the moral quality of one’s life immediately after death (CCC 1022) and Christ determines whether the person has chosen fundamentally to either cooperate with God’s grace or how one has chosen to reject God’s grace. Accordingly, judgment is rendered and the person merits heaven, purgatory, or hell. Final judgment refers to that end time of history when Christ will return to this world bringing the fullness of the kingdom and sum up everything by passing definitive judgment on all people, nations, and history itself (CCC 679).

How does Christ judge, especially in light of the gospel message (John 3:17) that he has come not to condemn but that all might have life and be saved? The form of judgment is a revelation from the Lord who is the fullness of God’s revelation among us. Each person will be revealed in this judgment and, thus, the judging has already been achieved by the way in which one lived. Hence, this feast’s gospel image of the separation of sheep and goats indicating how one has lived in accord (or not) with the kingdom imperative of loving one’s neighbor.

The final or last judgment also constitutes God’s final word on all of history. Jesus Christ, the living Word, will reveal God’s glorious triumph over evil and at the same time manifest the ultimate meaning of the whole work of creation. Till then, we believe that Christ is the hope of Israel and we, the Church, continue the Pentecost preaching of Peter that all embrace the Lord Jesus and his kingdom (CCC 674). Till then, we pass through trial and faith-shaking events–and yet we hold firm in the Lord (CCC 675). Only through this time of tribulation and final passover will the Church enter into the glory of the kingdom (CCC 677) when Christ will reveal our full stature as children of the Most High “so that God may be all in all” (1 Corinthians 15:28).

How then, in the light of our Catholic belief about Christ rendering judgment, are we to understand the images contained in the Book of Revelation about the end times? The images found in this last book of the New Testament are one way that the early Christian Church expressed its faith in the God who promises to deliver us, especially in times of persecution and trial as experienced by the early Christians. The message of this apocalyptic literature is not necessarily to be found in literal acceptance of its surface meaning. Rather, its meaning is perceived through eyes of faith informed by the Church. Thus, our destiny is firmly anchored in Jesus Christ’s saving life, death, and resurrection, unlocked for us believers by the Church. There is no other hope or glorious summation to the hearts and lives of all but that which is found in Christ who is our King.

SOURCE: RCL BENZIGER Classroom Sessions Year B (2017-2018)

Lesson Plans (PDF)

Lesson segments: Opening Prayer, Life Reflection, Listening to the Word of God, Scripture Discussion Starters, Scripture Background, Questions for Deeper Reflection, Doctrinal Discussion Starters, and the Gospel in Life

Primary Session
Intermediate Session
Junior High Session

SOURCE: RCL BENZIGER Classroom Sessions Year B (2017-2018)

Doctrinal Discussion Starters

The Church celebrates the feast of Christ the King on this last Sunday of the liturgical year. It is a feast that celebrates an aspect of Jesus’ identity. On the Feast of Christ the King, we recognize and honor Christ as ruler of all.

The kingdom of God exists wherever God is present among us. In this sense the kingdom of God already exists in this world. However, the kingdom of God is not yet here in fullness. The saving action of Christ continues throughout the world until the reign of God is here in full.

In the kingdom of God every person is included. No one is excluded, except those who exclude themselves. People of every color and race are welcome and of value. The kingdom especially belongs to those who are poor and lowly.

  • When are you most aware of the kingdom of God on earth?
  • What can you do help all people realize that they are welcome in the kingdom of God?

The Gospel in Life
All people are included in the Kingdom of God. What can you do to make the people you meet at school and in your community feel welcome and accepted?

SOURCE: RCL BENZIGER Classroom Sessions Year B (2017-2018)

RCL Benziger

Textbook Series Correlations

Be My Disciples (PDF)

Blest Are We (PDF)


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