32nd Sunday of Year B



Give all you have to God

By Kevin Aldrich

Overview of
Doctrinal Homily

Catechism Themes

Kevin Aldrich

Written as an aid for homilists and a resource for the faithful, this doctrinal homily outline (1) provides insights into the Lectionary readings, (2) explicates a doctrine of Catholic Faith or morals from them, and (3) shows specific ways lay persons can live these truths.

Click on title to read everything from Kevin Aldrich.  What follows are only excerpts of Catechism themes you will find on his blog. 

First Reading

  • It might look like Elijah was taking advantage, that he was devouring all that remained of the house of this widow.
  • In fact, he was saving her life and that of her son who were about to die of starvation. She trusted Elijah’s word and was not disappointed.

Responsorial Psalm

  • Elijah sustained the fatherless son of the widow of Zarephath and the widow herself.
  • Christ did all these things for everyone he encountered personally. He does promise to do these things for the saved forever.
  • Christ asks us to do these things for those we personally encounter.

Second Reading

  • The true temple is not the Temple of Jerusalem or any other place of worship but humanity of Christ, the sanctuary in which God bodily dwells.


  • If the scribes who behave in this way “will receive a very severe condemnation,” what will the widow who “from her poverty, has contributed . . . her whole livelihood” receive? The Gospel antiphon gives us the answer, “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.”


Poverty of heart

  • Poverty of spirit, which Our Lord pronounces as blessed and which he himself lived, is “voluntary humility” (CCC 2546). This quality contributes to our possession of “an order of happiness and grace, of beauty and peace. (CCC 2546).
  • The rich try to “find their consolation in the abundance of goods” but “abandonment to the providence of the Father in heaven frees us from anxiety about tomorrow” and prepares us to “see God” (CCC 2547).


Voluntary humility

  • Here is a kind of examination of conscience about lack of humility. These reminders are from Furrow 263 by St. Josemaria Escriva. If the shoe fits, we can do the opposite to grow in voluntary humility…

—Thinking that what you do or say is better than what others do or say;
—Always wanting to get your own way;
—Arguing when you are not right or — when you are — insisting stubbornly or with bad manners;
—Giving your opinion without being asked for it, when charity does not demand you to do so;
—Despising the point of view of others;

CLICK HERE to read 12 more reminders by St. Jesemaria Escriva.

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FRANCISCAN FRIARS (10:44) – Fr. Daniel J. Mahan, S.T.L., pastor of St. John the Apostle Catholic Church in Bloomington, Indiana, and St. Jude the Apostle in Spencer covers the entire Catechism in 111 videos, giving an outline of the content along with clear easy to follow explanations. The series is based on the 2nd Edition of the Catechism.

This Week’s Catechism Themes

“The following paragraphs from the Catechism of the Catholic Church resonate with the biblical readings for this Sunday. They were chosen either because they cite or allude to the specific readings, or because they treat topics found in the readings.”  —Homiletic Directory

CCC 519-521: Christ gave his life for us
CCC 2544-2547: poverty of heart
CCC 1434, 1438, 1753, 1969, 2447: almsgiving
CCC 2581-2584: Elijah and conversion of heart
CCC 1021-1022: the particular judgment

Upcoming Sundays
NOVEMBER 2021 Catechism THemes

Thirty-third Sunday in Ordinary Time

CCC 1038-1050: the Last Judgment; hope of a new heaven and a new earth
CCC 613-614, 1365-1367: Christ’s one perfect sacrifice and the Eucharist

Solemnity of Christ the King: Christ the origin and goal of history

CCC 440, 446-451, 668-672, 783, 786, 908, 2105, 2628: Christ as Lord and King
CCC 678-679, 1001, 1038-1041: Christ as Judge
CCC 2816-2821: “Thy Kingdom Come”

Featured Excerpts

READ IN CONTEXT/VIEW FOOTNOTES – Click on any paragraph to go to page in the USCCB online version of the Catechism of the Catholic Church. Order Hard Copy of the text in English and in Spanish.


519 All Christ’s riches “are for every individual and are everybody’s property.”187 Christ did not live his life for himself but for us, from his Incarnation “for us men and for our salvation” to his death “for our sins” and Resurrection “for our justification”.188 He is still “our advocate with the Father”, who “always lives to make intercession” for us.189 He remains ever “in the presence of God on our behalf, bringing before him all that he lived and suffered for us.”190

520 In all of his life Jesus presents himself as our model. He is “the perfect man”,191 who invites us to become his disciples and follow him. In humbling himself, he has given us an example to imitate, through his prayer he draws us to pray, and by his poverty he calls us to accept freely the privation and persecutions that may come our way.192

521 Christ enables us to live in him all that he himself lived, and he lives it in us. “By his Incarnation, he, the Son of God, has in a certain way united himself with each man.”193 We are called only to become one with him, for he enables us as the members of his Body to share in what he lived for us in his flesh as our model:

We must continue to accomplish in ourselves the stages of Jesus’ life and his mysteries and often to beg him to perfect and realize them in us and in his whole Church. . . For it is the plan of the Son of God to make us and the whole Church partake in his mysteries and to extend them to and continue them in us and in his whole Church. This is his plan for fulfilling his mysteries in us.194


2544 Jesus enjoins his disciples to prefer him to everything and everyone, and bids them “renounce all that [they have]” for his sake and that of the Gospel.335 Shortly before his passion he gave them the example of the poor widow of Jerusalem who, out of her poverty, gave all that she had to live on.336 The precept of detachment from riches is obligatory for entrance into the Kingdom of heaven.

2545 All Christ’s faithful are to “direct their affections rightly, lest they be hindered in their pursuit of perfect charity by the use of worldly things and by an adherence to riches which is contrary to the spirit of evangelical poverty.”337

2546 “Blessed are the poor in spirit.”338 The Beatitudes reveal an order of happiness and grace, of beauty and peace. Jesus celebrates the joy of the poor, to whom the Kingdom already belongs:339

The Word speaks of voluntary humility as “poverty in spirit”; the Apostle gives an example of God’s poverty when he says: “For your sakes he became poor.”340

2547 The Lord grieves over the rich, because they find their consolation in the abundance of goods.341 “Let the proud seek and love earthly kingdoms, but blessed are the poor in spirit for theirs is the Kingdom of heaven.”342 Abandonment to the providence of the Father in heaven frees us from anxiety about tomorrow.343 Trust in God is a preparation for the blessedness of the poor. They shall see God.


1434 The interior penance of the Christian can be expressed in many and various ways. Scripture and the Fathers insist above all on three forms, fasting, prayer, and almsgiving,31 which express conversion in relation to oneself, to God, and to others. Alongside the radical purification brought about by Baptism or martyrdom they cite as means of obtaining forgiveness of sins: effort at reconciliation with one’s neighbor, tears of repentance, concern for the salvation of one’s neighbor, the intercession of the saints, and the practice of charity “which covers a multitude of sins.”32

1438 The seasons and days of penance in the course of the liturgical year (Lent, and each Friday in memory of the death of the Lord) are intense moments of the Church’s penitential practice.36 These times are particularly appropriate for spiritual exercises, penitential liturgies, pilgrimages as signs of penance, voluntary self-denial such as fasting and almsgiving, and fraternal sharing (charitable and missionary works).


2581 For the People of God, the Temple was to be the place of their education in prayer: pilgrimages, feasts and sacrifices, the evening offering, the incense, and the bread of the Presence (“shewbread”) – all these signs of the holiness and glory of God Most High and Most Near were appeals to and ways of prayer. But ritualism often encouraged an excessively external worship. The people needed education in faith and conversion of heart; this was the mission of the prophets, both before and after the Exile.

2582 Elijah is the “father” of the prophets, “the generation of those who seek him, who seek the face of the God of Jacob.”30 Elijah’s name, “The Lord is my God,” foretells the people’s cry in response to his prayer on Mount Carmel.31 St. James refers to Elijah in order to encourage us to pray: “The prayer of the righteous is powerful and effective.”32

2583 After Elijah had learned mercy during his retreat at the Wadi Cherith, he teaches the widow of Zarephath to believe in The Word of God and confirms her faith by his urgent prayer: God brings the widow’s child back to life.33

The sacrifice on Mount Carmel is a decisive test for the faith of the People of God. In response to Elijah’s plea, “Answer me, O LORD, answer me,” the Lord’s fire consumes the holocaust, at the time of the evening oblation. The Eastern liturgies repeat Elijah’s plea in the Eucharistic epiclesis.

Finally, taking the desert road that leads to the place where the living and true God reveals himself to his people, Elijah, like Moses before him, hides “in a cleft of the rock” until the mysterious presence of God has passed by.34 But only on the mountain of the Transfiguration will Moses and Elijah behold the unveiled face of him whom they sought; “the light of the knowledge of the glory of God [shines] in the face of Christ,” crucified and risen.35

2584 In their “one to one” encounters with God, the prophets draw light and strength for their mission. Their prayer is not flight from this unfaithful world, but rather attentiveness to The Word of God. At times their prayer is an argument or a complaint, but it is always an intercession that awaits and prepares for the intervention of the Savior God, the Lord of history.36


1021 Death puts an end to human life as the time open to either accepting or rejecting the divine grace manifested in Christ.592 The New Testament speaks of judgment primarily in its aspect of the final encounter with Christ in his second coming, but also repeatedly affirms that each will be rewarded immediately after death in accordance with his works and faith. The parable of the poor man Lazarus and the words of Christ on the cross to the good thief, as well as other New Testament texts speak of a final destiny of the soul–a destiny which can be different for some and for others.593

1022 Each man receives his eternal retribution in his immortal soul at the very moment of his death, in a particular judgment that refers his life to Christ: either entrance into the blessedness of heaven-through a purification594 or immediately,595 — or immediate and everlasting damnation.596


At the evening of life, we shall be judged on our love.597
SOURCE: Catechism of the Catholic Church. 2nd ed. Vatican: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2012.
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Why Doesn’t the Catholic Church Give Away Its Riches


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4 Reasons for Almsgiving

ASCENSION PRESENTS (8:03) – Fr. Mike Schmitz encourages us to be charitable this Lent, emphasizing how almsgiving is a foundational part of living the Faith. In being joyful givers, we imitate Christ, who became poor for our sake, and we show our gratitude for God’s grace. These are just a few of the reasons Fr. Mike offers in this video as to why we should exercise almsgiving according to our means.

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3 MINUTE THEOLOGY (3:34) – During Lent, we try to ramp up our efforts to pray, fast, and give alms. What does it mean to give alms?

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Poverty of Heart

FRIENDS OF THE WORD (7:57) – Poverty of Heart, from the Catholic Catechism is discussed in light of an example, St Clare of Assisi.

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CATHOLIC KIDS MEDIA (7:10) – Living Like Saints! A fun Catholic reflection for kids based on the readings for All Saints Day.
RCL Benziger


Christian stewardship originates in our response to the call of Jesus Christ, our willingness to follow as his disciples. Stewardship is intimately linked to discipleship. The image of the steward, taken from the parables of Jesus, derives from the culture of those times, when an oikonomos (Greek for “steward” or “household manager”) was given responsibility for caring for the goods and property of an owner, who was frequently an absentee landlord. The steward was expected to manage all the household affairs so that those resources yielded as much as possible. The gospel image of the steward proclaims the clear message that a wise use of God’s gifts leads to blessings and rewards, and an unwise use results in judgment and condemnation.

This biblical understanding, therefore, sets the tone for our Catholic understanding of what it means to be a disciple of Jesus who exercises good stewardship of the resources God has given. We have each been given a unique collection of gifts from above, and it is our duty and our joy to employ those gifts in a wise and loving manner to build up the kingdom of God, the whole household entrusted to us. Why do we act in this manner, giving of our own personal resources? Ultimately, the reward of the good steward will be experienced in the world beyond this one. Nevertheless, we believe our reward also begins here and now, for the gospel also teaches us that when we give, we receive. In other words, those who live as good Christian stewards find the proper meaning and orientation to their lives, their actions, and their decisions of how to apportion the resources given to them by God.

SOURCE: RCL BENZIGER Classroom Sessions Year B (2017-2018)

Lesson Plans (PDF)

Lesson segments: Opening Prayer, Life Reflection, Listening to the Word of God, Scripture Discussion Starters, Scripture Background, Questions for Deeper Reflection, Doctrinal Discussion Starters, and the Gospel in Life

Primary Session
Intermediate Session
Junior High Session

SOURCE: RCL BENZIGER Classroom Sessions Year B (2017-2018)

Doctrinal Discussion Starters

Stewardship is closely linked to discipleship. A steward is one who cares for the goods and property of an owner. Because God is the creator of every living thing and all the resources of the world, we are the stewards who care for that which ultimately belongs to God. Each of us has been given unique gifts from God to be used to help build the Reign of God on earth. St. Francis of Assisi exemplified what it means to be a good steward. He is remembered for living simply, caring for the poor, and cherishing all of creation. For Catholics, being a follower of Christ includes being a good steward and taking good care of the resources that God has given.

The reward of the good steward will be experienced in the world beyond this one. However, when we share our gifts with others and contribute to the good of the world around us we are living in cooperation with God. That is our reward here and now.

• Name some people who you think are being good stewards.
• Do you think of yourself as a good steward? Why?
• Are you willing to share what you have been given?
• How can you be a better steward?

The Gospel in Life
Many of the choices we make each day reflect how well we care for God’s creation. This week make a conscious effort to be less wasteful.

SOURCE: RCL BENZIGER Classroom Sessions Year B (2017-2018)

RCL Benziger

Textbook Series Correlations

Be My Disciples (PDF)

Blest Are We (PDF)


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