30th Sunday in Ordinary Time C

October 23, 2022

INTRODUCTIONHOMILIESVIDEOSCOMMENTARYCHURCH FATHERSCATECHISMANECDOTESQUESTIONSCHILDREN SERMONSMUSIC

Please be patient
as page loads

Please be patient
as page loads

Please be patient
as page loads

Please be patient
as page loads

Please be patient
as page loads

Catechism References

2 Timothy 4 (CCC 2015*)

Luke 18:9-14 (CCC 2559*, 2613*); Luke 18:9 (CCC 588); Luke 18:13 (CCC 26312667*, 2839*)

  • Humility as the foundation of prayer (CCC 588*, 2559*, 2613*, 2631*)
  • Jesus hears prayer made in faith (CCC 2616*)
  • Adoration as the attitude of those who know they are a creature created by God (CCC 2628*)
  • Prayer for pardon as the first kind of prayer of petition (CCC 2631*)
SOURCE: Agape Bible Study, Michal E. Hunt (* indicates Scripture quoted or paraphrased in the citation)

Christian Holiness

2015 The way of perfection passes by way of the Cross. There is no holiness without renunciation and spiritual battle. (Cf. 2 Tim 4.) Spiritual progress entails the ascesis and mortification that gradually lead to living in the peace and joy of the Beatitudes:

He who climbs never stops going from beginning to beginning, through beginnings that have no end. He never stops desiring what he already knows. (St. Gregory of Nyssa, Hom. in Cant. 8:PG 44,941C.)

Prayer as God’s Gift

2559 “Prayer is the raising of one’s mind and heart to God or the requesting of good things from God.”2 But when we pray, do we speak from the height of our pride and will, or “out of the depths” of a humble and contrite heart?3 He who humbles himself will be exalted;4 humility is the foundation of prayer, Only when we humbly acknowledge that “we do not know how to pray as we ought,”5 are we ready to receive freely the gift of prayer. “Man is a beggar before God.”6

2 St. John Damascene, Defide orth. 3,24:PG 94,1089C.
3 Ps 130:1.
4 Cf. Lk 18:9-14.
5 Rom 8:26.
6 St. Augustine, Sermo 56,6,9:PL 38,381.


Jesus Teaches Us How to Pray

2613 Three principal parables on prayer are transmitted to us by St. Luke:

– The first, “the importunate friend,”75 invites us to urgent prayer: “Knock, and it will be opened to you.” To the one who prays like this, the heavenly Father will “give whatever he needs,” and above all the Holy Spirit who contains all gifts.

– The second, “the importunate widow,”76 is centered on one of the qualities of prayer: it is necessary to pray always without ceasing and with the patience of faith. “And yet, when the Son of Man comes, will he find faith on earth?”

– The third parable, “the Pharisee and the tax collector,”77 concerns the humility of the heart that prays. “God, be merciful to me a sinner!” The Church continues to make this prayer its own: Kyrie eleison!

75 Cf. Lk 11:5-13.
76 Cf. Lk 18:1-8.
77 Cf. Lk 18:9-14.


Jesus and Israel’s Faith in the One God and Savior

588 Jesus scandalized the Pharisees by eating with tax collectors and sinners as familiarly as with themselves.364 Against those among them “who trusted in themselves that they were righteous and despised others”, Jesus affirmed: “I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.”365 He went further by proclaiming before the Pharisees that, since sin is universal, those who pretend not to need salvation are blind to themselves.366

364 Cf. Lk 5:30; 7:36; 11:37; 14:1.
365 Lk 18:9; 5:32; cf. Jn 7:49; 9:34.
366 Cf. Jn 8:33-36; 9:40-41.


Prayer of Petition

2631 The first movement of the prayer of petition is asking forgiveness, like the tax collector in the parable: “God, be merciful to me a sinner!”105 It is a prerequisite for righteous and pure prayer. A trusting humility brings us back into the light of communion between the Father and his Son Jesus Christ and with one another, so that “we receive from him whatever we ask.”106 Asking forgiveness is the prerequisite for both the Eucharistic liturgy and personal prayer.

105 Lk 18:13.
106 1 Jn 3:22; cf. 1:7-2:2.


Prayer to Jesus

2667 This simple invocation of faith developed in the tradition of prayer under many forms in East and West. The most usual formulation, transmitted by the spiritual writers of the Sinai, Syria, and Mt. Athos, is the invocation, “Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on us sinners.” It combines the Christological hymn of Philippians 2:6-11 with the cry of the publican and the blind men begging for light.18 By it the heart is opened to human wretchedness and the Savior’s mercy.

18 Cf. Mk 10:46-52; Lk 18:13.


And Forgive Us Our Trespasses…

2839 With bold confidence, we began praying to our Father. In begging him that his name be hallowed, we were in fact asking him that we ourselves might be always made more holy. But though we are clothed with the baptismal garment, we do not cease to sin, to turn away from God. Now, in this new petition, we return to him like the prodigal son and, like the tax collector, recognize that we are sinners before him.133 Our petition begins with a “confession” of our wretchedness and his mercy. Our hope is firm because, in his Son, “we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins.”134 We find the efficacious and undoubted sign of his forgiveness in the sacraments of his Church.135

133 Cf. Lk 15:11-32; 18:13.
134 Col 1:14; Eph 1:7.
135 Cf. Mt 26:28; 20:23.

Please be patient
as page loads

Please be patient
as page loads

Please be patient
as page loads

Please be patient
as page loads